The dodo lived on the island of Mauritius, off the coast of East Africa. It was a large, flightless bird with small wings, which had no predators until Dutch sailors landed on the island in 1598. The dodo became extinct around 1680.
In 1640 a live dodo arrived in London. Its stuffed remains ended up in Oxford, first in what became the Ashmolean Museum, and later in the Museum of Natural History. All that remains today are the skull and one foot.
The dodo was made famous in Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, where the bird organises the Caucus race.
The legend of the dodo lives on in The Magic Dodo.